They’re the furry stressbusters popping up on campuses everywhere.
We know we have fun with these canines, and now a new Canadian study has confirmed what we already suspect: You can really pet away pre‐exam stress.
While these animal-assisted stress reduction programs are immensely popular in universities, Emma Ward-Griffin from the University of British Columbia and her colleagues wanted to empirically find out how effective these programs are to students’ well-being.
More than 200 students were enlisted to take part in the study, where students could drop-in to a therapy dog session where they could pet, cuddle, and interact with 7-to-12 dogs
Unsurprisingly, they found that therapy dog sessions had “strong immediate benefits, significantly reducing stress and increasing happiness and energy levels” right after the sessions. Although those feelings of happiness and life satisfaction didn’t last for 10 hours, other feelings did.
Participants in the sessions also reported “greater improvement in negative affect, perceived social support, and perceived stress” compared with those who did not participate.
Dolly's here bringing 😃! Our therapy dog, Dolly, is on campus today saying farewell to students before Spring Break starts. If you see her in the halls, make sure you show her some ❤️. #WeAreMVCProud pic.twitter.com/lUESYcRg24
— Dallas College Mountain View Campus (@mountainview_dc) March 6, 2018
Both genders experienced the benefits equally according to the study.
As these pets become a more common occurrence on campuses, academics at the annual conference of the British Sociological Association raised this question: are the dogs taking part pets or workers?
Charles and Carol Wolkowitz, reader in the institution’s sociology department observed and interviewed dog owners, students and library staff during these canine visits.
“[The dogs] have to behave in a particular way, which involves work and effort. They are really tired at the end of it.”
Yay !! Therapy dog on Campus near ASK desk! pic.twitter.com/CZTQBenz9n
— Jaspreet Singh (@BCUSU_President) February 1, 2018
It pays to understand this from both the dogs’ point of view as well as students’ as it lets us see a “more multi-faceted understanding of the interaction that’s taking place,” Charles argued.
We should think “more carefully” about the approach that says animals are just there for humans to use and put to work as we deem fit, she said.
“Societies wouldn’t be the way they are if animals were not part of them – and sociologists for a long time completely ignored that,” Charles said.
“I think it’s important to understand the contribution animals make to fully understand what society is about.”