scam universities
It's easy to fall for scams in times of desperation - that's why you should learn how to spot them. Source: Apu Gomes/AFP

As the number of online higher learning institutions grow, so does the number of virtual scam universities.

A diploma mill, or degree mill, is a fake company that provides seemingly legitimate (read: fraudulent) college and university certificates and transcripts to people for a fee. Some masquerade as real higher education institutions that award degrees to students, while others merely sell degrees for cash.

The former can be more worrying, as many unsuspecting students may purchase an online degree programme and end up blowing thousands of dollars for a worthless degree without even knowing it was one.

The problem is rampant, with numerous reports showing that many students have fallen prey to these schemes across many countries.

There are many implications to getting a fake degree, regardless of whether you’re aware or unaware that your qualification is fraudulent.

Graduates of scam universities will find it hard to get a job. If you’re already employed but hold a fake degree, it can negatively impact your career, as well as your personal and professional reputation. Worse still, legal action can be taken against you.

While authorities are clamping down on these bogus universities, students need to be vigilant to avoid falling prey to these scams.

International students looking for an online qualification are prime targets of these dodgy organisations.

But worry not, as we’re going to tell you to how to spot scam universities from a mile away – and avoid them at all costs.

Scam universities lack recognised accreditation

scam universities

Do some research to ensure your institution is accredited by the relevant bodies. Source: Patrick Baz/Dubai Media Office/AFP-Services

Accreditation can be a sticky subject – depending on the country of your institution, the accrediting agency will vary. Hence, when it comes to online degrees, you’ll need to do some digging to find out which relevant bodies institutions must refer to.

You should also check the accreditor to be super safe.

For example, if you’re enrolling in an American programme, one of the platforms you can use to check if your institution is accredited is the US Department of Education (USDE) or the Council on Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA).

Meanwhile, if you plan to enrol in a UK programme, you can use as a reference.

All of these take time but will be worth every minute to peace of mind that your degree is real.

They promise of a degree within a short period

Degrees typically take three to four years to complete.

However, if an institution is promising you a degree within several months without much academic effort on your part, it’s likely that your institution may be fake.

Typically, you’ll need to complete 120 credit hours for a degree – an impossible feat to achieve within a few months. There are also exams, assignments and assessments to complete, tying many students to their books.

Remember that if something feels too good to be true, it probably is.

Scam universities ask you to pay a lump sum upfront

scam universities

Having to make a full payment for your degree in one bill is a likely sign your institution could be a diploma mill. Source: David McNew/AFP

Traditionally, institutions don’t require full, upfront payment for their programmes.

Instead, students are charged per credit hour, by class or semester. If you are required to make full payment before starting your degree, heed with caution.

Insufficient contact details

A lack of basic contact information on an institution’s website, such as a phone number or legitimate address, is undoubtedly a warning sign of a diploma mill.

Schools typically make such information readily available for prospective students to enable them to contact the school for enquiries.

Dodgy admissions criteria are rife among scam universities

If an institution claims that anyone, regardless of their educational background, can obtain a degree, be careful.

There are institutions that allow working individuals to use their work experience as credit for their degrees, enabling them to graduate faster and at a cheaper price. But an overemphasis on real-life experiences without having to prove your mastery in these areas for your degree, such as via assessments, is a valid cause for concern.

If in doubt, contact the institution for more information and do not commit to anything until they show proof of legitimacy.

Liked this? Then you’ll love…

5 reasons to enrol in an online degree programme

How to identify a fake online degree programme