- As the only global league table to originate from Asia, the annual publication by Shanghai Ranking Consultancy is often praised for the objectivity, stability and transparency of its methodology.
Its annual Global Ranking of Academic Subjects (GRAS) 2019 was recently released, ranking approximately 4,000 universities according to these subject areas: Natural Sciences, Engineering, Life Sciences, Medical Sciences and Social Sciences. In total, 54 subjects under these broad areas of study were listed.
American universities dominated, topping the tables in 35 subjects and appearing 4,808 times. China took top position in 11 subjects and its universities had the second highest number of appearances (2451 times), ahead of the UK (1554 appearances). In 10 engineering subjects, Chinese universities claimed the top position.
Speaking to Asia Times, Deputy Director of the Institute of Science and Technology Management of Zhejiang University Science and Education Strategy Institute, Lin Chenghua, said there was a huge gap in the superiority of the US which reflected China’s structural shortcomings.
While maintaining and promoting a competitive edge in engineering, China should increase investment in other courses such as Natural Science and Social Sciences, Chenghua explained.
Four universities appear in 52 research disciplines – University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, University of British Columbia, McGill University and the University of New South Wales (UNSW). No other universities surpassed this figure.
Great news – the subjects of Finance and Management have been ranked first in Australia in the @ShanghaiRanking‘s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects (ARWU) 2019. https://t.co/wtzBH5DLZc pic.twitter.com/D47lPpvIEu
— UNSW Business School (@UNSWbusiness) June 27, 2019
UNSW scored the most subjects (13) ranked first in Australia for the second consecutive year. It was also listed as having the most number of subjects ranked for the third year in a row.
UNSW Deputy Vice-Chancellor (Research), Professor Nicholas Fisk, said: “Today’s results in these prestigious rankings underscore the breadth, depth and consistency of UNSW research across almost the whole range of disciplines. Off the back of recent success in various national and international rankings, this supports UNSW not only as a leader in research quality and impact, but also for our research reach.”
But the university with the best performance was Harvard, which placed first in 14 subjects – seven of which are social science subjects, three from medical sciences, two from life sciences and two from engineering. It’s followed by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, with five top positions, four of which fall within engineering.
|Natural Sciences||Mathematics||Princeton University||USA|
|Physics||Massachusetts Institute of Technology
|Chemistry||University of California, Berkeley||USA|
|Earth Sciences||University of Colorado at Boulder||USA|
|Geography||University of Oxford||UK|
|Ecology||University of Montpellier||France|
|Oceanography||University of Washington||USA|
|Atmospheric Science||University of Colorado at Boulder||USA|
|Engineering||Mechanical Engineering||University of Cambridge||UK|
|Electrical & Electronic Engineering||Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||USA|
|Automation & Control||University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign||USA|
|Telecommunication Engineering||Tsinghua University||China|
|Instruments Science & Technology||Harbin Institute of Technology||China|
|Biomedical Engineering||Harvard University||USA|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||USA|
|Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||USA|
|Materials Science & Engineering||Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT)||USA|
|Nanoscience & Nanotechnology||Nanyang Technological University||Singapore|
|Energy Science & Engineering||Nanyang Technological University||Singapore|
|Environmental Science & Engineering||Stanford University||USA|
|Water Resources||University of Arizona||USA|
|Food Science & Technology||Jiangnan University||China|
|Aerospace Engineering||Beihang University||China|
|Marine/Ocean Engineering||Shanghai Jiao Tong University||China|
|Transportation Science & Technology||Beijing Jiaotong University||China|
|Remote Sensing||Wuhan University||China|
|Mining & Mineral Engineering||Central South University||China|
|Metallurgical Engineering||University of Science and Technology
|Life Sciences||Biological Sciences||Harvard University||USA|
|Human Biological Sciences||Harvard University||USA|
|Agricultural Sciences||University of Wageningen||Netherlands|
|Veterinary Sciences||Ghent University||Belgium|
|Clinical Medicine||University of California, San
|Public Health||Harvard University||USA|
|Dentistry & Oral Sciences||University of Michigan-Ann Arbor||USA|
|Nursing||University of Pennsylvania||USA|
|Medical Technology||Harvard University||USA|
|Pharmacy & Pharmaceutical Sciences||Harvard University||USA|
|Social Sciences||Economics||University of Chicago||USA|
|Political Sciences||Harvard University||USA|
|Education||Michigan State University||USA|
|Communication||University of Amsterdam||Netherlands|
|Business Administration||University of Pennsylvania||USA|
|Finance||New York University||USA|
|Public Administration||Indiana University Bloomington||USA|
|Hospitality & Tourism Management||The Hong Kong Polytechnic University||China-Hong Kong|
|Library & Information Science||Harvard University||USA|
The GRAS 2019 ranked universities based on several measures, including research productivity, research quality, extent of international collaboration, research and the highest academic recognitions.