ShanghaiRanking Consultancy, which publishes the annual Academic Ranking of World Universities (ARWU), has released this year’s rankings for the top higher education institutions in five broad fields of study.

Launched in 2007, ARWU-FIELD features the world’s Top 200 universities annually in five fields, namely: Natural Sciences and Mathematics; Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences; Life and Agriculture Sciences; Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy; and Social Sciences.

In the latest series of rankings, U.S. universities dominated all but one field, as it was represented by seven or eight institutions in the Top 10 for each – the only exception being Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences, where it only had four.

However, in all five fields, a U.S. university was ranked at the top.


Harvard University, the country’s top university and best in the world according to ARWU 2016, was also named the best in Life and Agriculture Sciences; Clinical Medicine and Pharmacy; and Social Sciences – for the 10th time since the field rankings were launched.

As for Natural Sciences and Mathematics, University of California, Berkeley maintained its top position for the third year running, while Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) clinched the #1 position for the first time.

Prominent universities from the U.K., such as University of Cambridge (3 appearances in Top 10), University of Oxford (2 appearances in Top 10), and University College London (2 appearances in Top 10), were strong performers in this year’s ARWU-FIELD rankings.


Chinese universities have also shown progress, increasing their presence in the rankings, especially in the fields of Natural Sciences and Mathematics; and Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences. Tsinghua University, its highest ranking university in the world rankings, made fourth place in Engineering/Technology and Computer Sciences.

As for the top three most represented countries, U.S. takes the lead, appearing 358 times in the Top 200 lists for all five fields, while China overtook the U.K. to become the second most-represented nation – Chinese universities appeared 101 times and U.K. universities 96 times.

In other parts of the world, University of Toronto and University of British Columbia from Canada appear in the Top 100 lists of all five fields. National University of Singapore; University of Queensland and University of Melbourne from Australia; Pierre and Marie Curie University (University of Paris VI) in France; University of Leuven (KU Leuven) from Belgium; and Technical University Munich from Germany, all appear in the Top 100 lists in four fields.

Here are the Top 10 institutions for each of the five fields under ARWU-FIELD 2016:

ARWU-FIELD is based on a set of objective indicators such as the number of alumni and staff winning Nobel Prizes and Fields Medals, the number of Highly-Cited Researchers, the number of articles indexed in the Science Citation Index, and the percentage of articles published in the top 20 percent of journals of each field.

You can read our overview of the world’s top universities according to ARWU 2016 here.

The complete ranking lists and detailed methodologies can be found at ShanghaiRanking’s official website at:

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