As Brexit slowly makes the prospect of studying in the UK increasingly undesirable, while the US continues to draw up one unfriendly immigration policy after another, many are looking elsewhere for a quality tertiary education.
One country at the top of this list is Germany. As a country that hosts some of the best universities in the world - like LMU Munich, Heidelberg University and the Humboldt University of Berlin - also revered as a cultural and economic powerhouse, Germany seems like an excellent study alternative.
But before booking your flight, you may need to apply for a visa to legally reside in the country for the duration of your studies. There are three different types of German visas for study purposes:
- Language Course Visa (Visa for Language Learning) – This is for those who want or need to learn the German language in Germany.
- Student Applicant Visa (Visum Zur Studienbewerbung) – This is for those who want to study in Germany but have yet to find the right programme or still haven’t received the confirmation letter from their respective university
- Student Visa (Visum Zu Studienzwecken) – This is for those who have already been accepted to a German university.
This article refers to the last option. Here's what you need to know:
1. Your nationality decides which type of visa application you'll needAccording to QS, citizens of the following countries generally don't need a student visa, subject to performing certain requirements:
- Applicants within the European Union (including Norway, Switzerland, Iceland and Liechtenstein): No need to obtain a German student visa before entering country.
- Applicants from the US, Canada, Australia, New Zealand, Israel, Japan, South Korea: No need to obtain a German student visa before entering country. However, within two weeks of arrival in the country, students must register at the local Residents’ Registration Office and the Foreigners’ Registration Office (Ausländeramt) for a residence permit (Aufenthaltserlaubnis).
- Applicants from Andorra, Brazil, El Salvador, Honduras, Monaco, San Marino or Taiwan: German student visa required only if you plan to work before or after your studies.
2. Obtain letter of offerThe first step is to get the education institute to send you an original acceptance letter to the course you wish to attend throughout your German study experience - this doesn't include night, weekend or correspondence courses. This is the requirement for the German government to consider you as a "university student". Education institutes include state or state-recognized higher learning institutes (university, school of education, art school or university of applied sciences), as well as a comparable training school, cooperative education school or a state-recognized preparatory college programme.
3. Obtain proof of financial supportGerman law requires that student visa applicants submit proof of "a secured means of subsistence during residence". This comes up to around €8,700 per year, which is roughly ~US$10,250. To prove this, you can deposit the security payment into a blocked account, which will not allow you to withdraw funds until after you arrive in Germany. For this purpose, students can work while studying, but only subject to employment not exceeding 120-full or 240-half days per year.
4. Obtain all other documentsOnce you've received your official acceptance letter and proof of financial support, you should also prepare these following documents:
- Completed application form
- Valid passport
- Two photographs
- Transcript of academic record
- Certificate of German or English language proficiency (depending on medium of course)
- Health insurance
- Certified declaration for authenticity of documents submitted
- Proof of criminal record